defect

defect
I. defect de‧fect 1 [dɪˈfekt,ˈdiːfekt] noun [countable]
MANUFACTURING a fault in something that means it is not perfect:

• They recalled the vehicles because of brake defects.

• an effort to improve customer satisfaction and reduce product defects

• a possible safety defect with the plane's autopilot

ˌlatent deˈfect [countable] LAW COMMERCE
a fault something has, but which cannot be seen. When something is sold, for example a house or a car, the seller must tell the buyer of any latent defects which they know about:

• There was a latent defect present in the goods at the time of delivery.

ˌzero deˈfects
[plural] MANUFACTURING when a product or system has no faults at all, especially when this is the aim of the company making the product or using the system:

• The plant ran with zero defects the day it opened.

• They are moving from Total Quality Management toward Zero-Defects Management (= a way of managing production so that there are no defects ) .

  [m0] II. defect de‧fect 2 [dɪˈfekt] verb [intransitive] JOURNALISM
1. if the buyer of one product defects to another product, they stop buying the first one and start buying the second one:

• They tried to retain customers who might defect to a credit card with a lower interest rate.

2. if an employee working for a particular company defects, they leave it and start working for another:

• Although several senior employees have defected, it's not true that there's any kind of mass walkout.

— defector noun [countable] :

• When a group of his partners announced they were leaving, the firm prevented the defectors from entering their offices.

— defection noun [countable, uncountable] :

• The big investment bank has been hit by client defections.

* * *

Ⅰ.
defect UK US /ˈdiːfekt/ noun [C]
COMMERCE, PRODUCTION a fault that spoils something or causes it not to work correctly: »

product defects

»

The report cited structural defects as the reason for the demolition of the building.

»

correct/remedy/rectify a defect

»

a major/serious/minor defect

»

a design/manufacturing defect

Ⅱ.
defect UK US /dɪˈfekt/ verb [I]
WORKPLACE to leave one company or organization and form or join another: defect from/to sth »

Many of our sales team have defected to the competition.

COMMERCE, MARKETING to stop buying a particular product or service and buy a different one instead: defect from/to sth »

Millions of customers defected to rival telecommunications companies.

POLITICS to leave your country or group and join another because you disagree with the ideas of those in control: »

He's a pilot who defected to the United States.

defection noun [C or U]
»

Since the introduction of the new tariff, there have been fewer customer defections.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

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  • defect — de·fect / dē ˌfekt, di fekt/ n: something or a lack of something that results in incompleteness, inadequacy, or imperfection: as a: a flaw in something (as a product) esp. that creates an unreasonable risk of harm in its normal use see also… …   Law dictionary

  • defect — DEFÉCT, Ă, defecţi, te, s.n., adj. 1. s.n. Lipsă, scădere, imperfecţiune materială, fizică sau morală; cusur, meteahnă, neajuns, beteşug, hibă. ♦ Deranjament, stricăciune care împiedică funcţionarea unei maşini, a unui aparat. ♦ Ceea ce nu este… …   Dicționar Român

  • Defect — Defect, defects, or defected may refer to: Geometry and physical sciences Defect (geometry), a characteristic of a polyhedron Topological defect Isoperimetric defect Crystallographic defect, a structural imperfection in a crystal Biology and… …   Wikipedia

  • Defect — De*fect , n. [L. defectus, fr. deficere, defectum, to desert, fail, be wanting; de + facere to make, do. See {Fact}, {Feat}, and cf. {Deficit}.] 1. Want or absence of something necessary for completeness or perfection; deficiency; opposed to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • defect — Ⅰ. defect [1] ► NOUN ▪ a shortcoming, imperfection, or lack. ORIGIN Latin defectus, from deficere desert or fail . Ⅱ. defect [2] ► VERB ▪ abandon one s country or cause in favour of an opposing one …   English terms dictionary

  • defect — [dē′fekt΄; ] also, and for v. always [, dē fekt′, difekt′] n. [ME < L defectus < deficere, to undo, fail < de , from + facere, to DO1] 1. lack of something necessary for completeness; deficiency; shortcoming 2. an imperfection or… …   English World dictionary

  • Defect — De*fect , v. t. To injure; to damage. None can my life defect. [R.] Troubles of Q. Elizabeth (1639). [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Defect — Defect, lat., mangelhaft; als Hauptwort D., Mangel, Gebrechen; defectiren, eine Rechnung untersuchen in Beziehung auf Rechnungsfehler; defectiv, was defect. – Defectbogen, im Buchhandel ein nachverlangter Bogen. – Defecte, in der Buchdruckerei… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • defect — (n.) early 15c., from M.Fr. defect and directly from L. defectus failure, revolt, falling away, from pp. of deficere to fail, desert (see DEFICIENT (Cf. deficient)). As a verb, from 1570s. Related: Defected; defecting …   Etymology dictionary

  • defect — [n] blemish, imperfection birthmark, blot, blotch, break, bug, catch, check, crack, deficiency, deformity, discoloration, drawback, error, failing, fault, flaw, foible, frailty, gap, glitch, gremlin, hole, infirmity, injury, irregularity, kink,… …   New thesaurus

  • Defect — De*fect , v. i. To fail; to become deficient. [Obs.] Defected honor. Warner. [1913 Webster] 2. to abandon one country or faction, and join another. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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